Pinan was the original (okinawan) name. Developed
by Yatasune Itosu as intermediate Kata of Shorin-Ryu. These kata had their origin in China.
Master Funakoshi changed Pinan Nidan to Heian
Shodan and Pinan Shodan to Heian Nidan.
A simple version of Heian Shodan was introduced,
Taikyoku Shodanfor entry level students.
STORM/PENETRATE A FORTRESS
From Northern Shaolin sources but
from which sub-style we are not sure. They do however, have strong Tiger Style
characteristics. The name used on Okinawa was "Passai" and it translates
as "Capture the Fortress"or Penetrate the fortress (enemy’s defenses). Bassai-Dai is
penetrating the fortress while Bassai-Sho may be fighting to escape.
TO VIEW THE SKY
Kanku (Japanese pronounciation) Kata were taught
to the Okinawans by a Chinese Military Attaché to Okinawa. Master Funakoshi changed the name to Kanku which means "to view the sky".
The Okinawan name for these kata are Naihanchi
and are believed to be from the northern shaolin Tiger Style. Tekki Shodan, Nidan and Sandan as we now call them were once a single kata. The name means "Iron Horse". The Kiba-dachi stance used exclusively in these Kata is the main training
stance of Northern Shaolin Tiger Style of Wu-Shu.
ON A ROCK
White Crane form, this time taught by Master Ching-To,
attaché to Okinawa from the Ming court in 1732, and so the Okinawans named it in his honor "Chinto". Master Funakoshi later renamed it Gankaku (the crane on a rock).
A white crane Kata introduced in
Okinawa from china. The Kata is named after a chinese gentleman who introduced it ("Wanshu").
It is named after the third Chinese Zen Patriarch
but the name Hangetsu, given to it by Master Funakoshi, means "half moon" - a description of the stance.
From Shaolin. The name means "ten hands".
A classic " Shaolin Kata, complete with the
"Ming" salute at the beginning. Shaolin was also named Jion-Ji by the Japanese but the literal translation of the Kanji is
"to love the sound" (of Shaolin).
Another Shaolin Classic and all of the above relating
to Jion apply here too. The name translates to "love of truth".
This Kata is one of the older ones and it's salute
at the beginning betrays its Wutang origin. The
final moves of this Kata are supposed to represent the ocean waves disappearing into the dry sand on the beach (not jumping
of dead bodies).
From the Northern Shaolin Dragon Style. The Kata allegedly demonstrates the power of "Ki" and teaches overcoming
the opponent using Ki power.
Another Dragon Style Kata.
Another of Aragaki's Kata but this one is thought
to have its origins in one of the Dragon sub-styles.
The name translates to "the twenty four steps". The
form they are taken from is called "Kaisan". The old name was "Neseishi".
These Kata are a departure from the norm as they
have their origin in a Southern Shaolin Style called "Phoenix Eye". The name on Okinawa was "Useishi" but this
was changed to Gojushiho - "the fifty four steps".
The Gojushiho Kata we know and practise today are
TO POLISH A MIRROR
Ameratsu, (a Japanese sun god) lost her mirror
and could not admire herself. The other gods sent a great warrior to perform a "war dance" for Ameratsu.
Hearing the noise, she came out of
the cave. The "war dance" was reputed to be Meikyo.
Meikyo translates to "mirror of the soul". The old
name for Meikyo was Rohai and this is now coming back into use.
Shaolin based Kata. .